References;

     References; 1)The Bible, American Standard, King James, Douay, New International versions

                                    2)Dictionaries, German/ English, English

                                    3)British Museum Dictionary of Ancient Egypt

                                    4)Youngblood, Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary,T. Nelson,1986

                                    5)Egyptian Hieroglyphs – published by the British Museum

                                    6)Wotrenbuch Der Aegyptischen Sprache

                                    7)Gardiner, Egypt of the Pharaohs, Oxford, 1961

                                    8)Budge, Rosetta Stone, Cambridge, 1893, (articles)

                                    9)Jacobson, Sumerian Poetry in Translation,Yale,1987

                                    10)Kramer, History Begins at Sumer, Doubleday/Anchor,1959

                                    11)Kramer, Sumerian Mythology, Harper, 1961

                                    12)Kramer, The Sumerians, University of Chicago press, 1963

                                    13)Jacobson, The Treasuries of Darkness, Yale, 1976

                                    14)Pritchard, Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament, Princeton,  1955

                                    15)King L.W.,History of Sumer and Akkad, C.River, 1916

                                    16)Stiny D.E.,Two Tablets Found, Polished Copper,2012

            (i)The Sumerian goddess Nin-ti translates, lady of the rib, and also lady to make live.

            (ii) Most Sumerian text used is translated by Kramer and Jacobson
(iii) Ancient people associated names with their gods,so if they changed gods they responded by changing the spelling of people and cities to reflect that.

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Time Line for the Return of the Gods

              The Time Line of History

Date Line: Prior to 12,000 BC:  The Sumerians observe the red giant Vela (in that constellation) and describe it’s colour and position in the southern sky.  “red star which stands in the south after the Gods of the night have been finished, dividing the sky in half, this star is Nibiru “. Nibiru means the place of crossing, meaning the crossroads of the southern sky.

The star is later described as the star of civilization.

11,000 BC: Vela goes supernova, ejecting planets and asteroid material outward across space.

10,000 BC: One such planet enters our solar system. This planet is a living planet with human, various plant and animal life. The humans that exist on this planet are highly advanced scientifically, and are fully aware of their predicament. The planet may have entered into an elliptical orbit around our sun which ultimately puts it on a collision course with one of the solar systems planets. That planet being the planet that is now the asteroid belt. A small number of these humans  are able to leave their planet and land on earth. A number of written records suggest between 300 to 400 of these humans landed on earth.  Upon meeting with earthly humans a relationship quickly develops. A symbiotic relationship is soon formed between the new arrivals. The earthly humans call them “great gods” since they possessed  knowledge in the fields of agriculture , husbandry and construction.

9,000 BC: The great flood occurs. The planet of the 300 (the 300 often called the watchers) crashes into the sister planet of Mars and through a series of events causes the great flood.

These “great gods” are well aware of the sequence of events that will bring ruin to the earth. They now hold council and many of the 300 decide that it would be best if all humans on earth were destroyed, leaving the planet to themselves, but one of the leading members of the council secretly disagrees. From this rises mankind’s greatest epic. The story of Noah.

The 300 also brought with them advancements in the study of genetics.

A number of the 300 had genetic modifications done to them to enhance their strength and speed ability, possibly for military use. These genetic alteration also gave them better night vision, and increased their  hearing and smell to assist them in a military advantage. These GMO’s soon started having relationships with earthly women, and under a certain set of circumstances produced hybrid giants.  A number of them because of their close genetic affiliation to certain animals had sex with these various animals that produced monsters of enormous strength and destructive power. Most of these hybrids were sweep away with the great flood.

8000-7000 BC: With mankind using the knowledge from the 300 great advancements in agriculture occurred, including the selection of cereal seed having higher yields with the same maturing dates. Irrigation along the Euphrates of these crops allowed the freeing up of labour to rebuild the 5 great preflood cities including Eridu. Earthly humans were able to learn how to mine ore and smelter gold, copper and bismuth with the use of bitumen from their territory. The use of copper assisted them in building a large number of cities along the Euphrates and in the centre of these cities was built a Ziggurat. The 7 leveled Ziggurat had a specific use and this use was only for the 300. Atop the Ziggurat was the temple called the Abzu. The Abzu was central to the 300, for from the Abzu the 300 were able to extend their lives. They were not immortal though, as they could die either in battle or by accident, but with the help of the enhanced water in the Abzu they could live forever. The Abzu was not spiritual but was purely scientific. The 300 were not spiritual beings, but merely men with advanced scientific knowledge that the Sumerians saw as being a “god”.

6000-5000 BC: The Sumerians develop an advanced civilization. The most important development was their written language , the cuneiform text. The cuneiform text was used throughout the middle and near east for several thousand years. Even the Egyptians used cuneiform text when writing to their subjected kingdoms in the region.

4000 BC: In this period an event took place that would have a long lasting effect on the earth’s history. One of the lesser known and diminutive of the 300 named Dagan who had the important position in the construction of the “chariots of the gods”, which many in the council owned, had a severe break in his relationship with the rest of the 300. The head of the 300’s council named Enlil had a affair with Dagan’s wife, and after knowing, Dagan took serious steps, to destroy the Sumerians which were in a cooperative and close relationship with  the 300. Dagan’s seed were the Semitic Akkadians which were dwelling just north of the Sumerians and their capital was Akkad.

Dagan had a relationship with an Akkadian girl that produced Sargon, who became king, and would through a series of events destroy the Sumerians  and leave their cities in ruin. The event in this saga that would change the world’s history was when Sargon’s son, Naram-Sin, would destroy the temple the Sumerians had built in honour of Enlil, in the city of Nippur. Enlil immediately reacts and sends a hoard of uncontrolled  Gutian armies that destroyed and annihilated the Akkadians. The Akkadian capitol to this day has never been found. Dagan’s Ziggurat and Abzu were destroyed and he was essentially ostracized.

Dagan then sets out to rebuild a nation and a leader like Sargon to again dominate the world. That nation was Israel and that leader was Moses.

Both of these leaders had many things in common. 1st they were both the direct seed of Dagan. 2nd They were both led by Dagan to bring his people to a position of world power. 3rd Moses life from birth was an exact copy of Sargon’s. Moses a well read student of ancient texts, merely copied Sargon’s life from birth. Both at birth were put in a basket covered with bitumen and left in a river next to the palace of the king. Most importantly both would become powerful leaders of Dagan’s ambitions.

3760 BC: This is the 1st year of the Jewish Semitic calendar.

This is year also coincides with the Semitic King Daram-Sin declaring himself God and master of the Universe. He commemorates this in the building of his memorial temple at Sippur. The Akkadian calendar, which is the Jewish calendar, starts dating time on this occasion.

                                                        

                                    3000 BC: Egypt becomes the first World Power. With the fall of the Akkadians there is a vacuum in world authority.   


                                     1800 BC: There is a numerous military battles between Assyrian and Babylonian armies trying to gain the upper hand. For a period of time Babylonian under Hammurabi, gains control of most of the Mesopotamian valley.  This lasts until about 1700 BC. 

     Abraham moves his family from the city of Ur to the land of Canaan. The Sin-mubalit tablets record the first use of God’s name as “Yahwe”


                                       1600 BC: Assyria becomes a dominant world power, and by 1000 BC becomes the 2nd world power.


                                        1346 BC: Moses (Thothmoses is his Egyptian Name) which means, Thoth is the Egyptian God of Knowledge and Moses is the Egyptian word meaning “born of” or “begot from”, so his name means born of Thoth or child of Thoth, and leads the Israelites out of Egypt under the guidance of Dagan. Dagan the Sumerian name of the God of the Bible, Jehovah.


                                        1320 BC: Moses takes 40 years in the desert to train his army before the nation of Israel enters the land of Canaan. The army and the nation is fed by Dagan using his chariot of fire to deliver manna to the desert each day.


                                         970 BC: The temple of Solomon is built in Jerusalem


                                         700 BC: Sennacherib, king of Assyria, invades Palestine and destroys the 10 tribes of Israel, he later marches against Jerusalem where he is paid tribute by the King of Judea and leaves to quell a Babylonian revolt. Sennacherib rebuilds the city of Nineveh to make it his capitol.  


                                         615 BC: Babylonia becomes the 3rd. world power. With help from the Medes, Nabopolassar, king of Babylonia, defeats the Assyrians and destroys their capital. Babylons greatest king, Nebuchadnezzar 2nd, the son of Nabopolassar, later defeats Judea and destroys Solomon’s Temple in 597 BC  and sends the nation of Israel into banishment and exile. Nebuchadnezzar is considered the greatest military mind of his era.


                                          539 BC: Babylon falls to the Persian Armies of Cyrus the Great. A few years later Cyrus defeats the Egyptians and Persia becomes the 4th World Power.


                                         331 BC: Alexander the Great defeats the Persians at the Battle of Gaugamela, and Greece becomes the 5th World Power.


                                         146 BC: After the Romans defeated Carthage early that year, they marched on Corinth and the Achaean league. The city of Corinth was destroyed and plundered ending Greek power. This now made Rome the 6th World Power.


                                            70 AD: The Roman General Titus sacks Jerusalem and destroys Herod’s Temple. The Jews are sent into slavery and exile.


     The question is what happened to the 300? How many are still alive today?

How many are left from the original numbers is unknown but a certain number would still be alive today. They would have blended deeply into society to become unobserved and unnoticed. They might live forever but they would not allow themselves to be put in a position to lose an arm or a leg and have to live for several thousands of years with a disability. They would be well protected with layers of safeguards. 


      They have one noticeable difference that sets them apart from other humans. They must continue to visit an Abzu. At least once a week if not more often. The Abzu would be a large open tank of water that would allow body immersion. Nearby this tank would be a mechanical apparatus that would purify the water. This would allow the water to fall onto the subject and into the pool. The apparatus would have a spinning wheel within a wheel of magnetic fields. This Abzu would be hidden and protected. It would be quite possible that more than one of the original 300 would use a single Abzu. If you know of such a location your life might be in danger.


      For the first several thousand years after the arrival of the 300, the earth was governed and administrated by the council. Civilization advanced at a rapid rate under the guidance of the council, but this all changed when Dagan decided to end his relationship with the 300. Dagan’s direct seed Sargon now would rule and govern mankind, and begin his military conquest of the Fertile Crescent. This had sent a precedent, which has lasted till now, that man would rule the earth.  


                                                The Gods Will Return


      Mankind’s rule of the earth has witnessed almost continual warfare throughout the past centuries, accounting for the suffering and death of millions. Those remaining 300 have been waiting for an opportunity to regain the govern ship of the earth, as mankind has never understood that power and control have certain responsibilities, but when will this occur? The coming of a new age is close at hand, when true peace and happiness can be achieved. 


                                         2240 AD: After 6000 years of Dagan and the wars of man ruling the earth, from 3760 BC to 2240 AD, the rule of the Great Gods begins.      


      This will begin a period of great scientific advancements and far reaching space travel. Mankind knowledge is like the fly trapped in the car. The fly has some knowledge that it exists in the car, but is unable to determine that the car is travelling on a freeway, in North America, that is on a planet that rotates on its axis, revolving around a sun, in a solar system in a galaxy called the Milky Way. Without the advanced knowledge of the gods, man cannot exceed past the window of the car.


      Before this is to happen mankind must be prepared to abolish nationalism, and patriotism with borders, and be prepared to live in the world with one council that rules to protect the earth and all its inhabitants.  All religions and beliefs, including tribal power must be replaced by knowledge that will advance man forward into the great adventure that lays ahead.


      The greatest obstacle for this to occur is Dagan.

Dagan must be destroyed and with it his influence on Man. His destruction must be made public to the world, and how he has deceived the world for so long. With out this public execution the world will continue to hold to its ancient beliefs and religions.

      Dagan’s name by many historians is taken from the ancient Hebrew language of the Akkadians, which is wrong, because the Sumerian language has no connection to any known language. Dag in Sumerian means Dwelling or Chamber, and the last symbol  “an” means star,shine or radiate. 

     Dagan name means radiant dwelling or shining chamber.

With the knowledge of Dagan’s ego and the meaning of his name, Dagan would definitely be living in the most extravagant home in the land, in accordance to his wealth.

Dagan would be a large man with light Mediterranean complexion, and not very handsome. His eyes, nose and ears would be larger than most, though he probably would have had plastic surgery done to his very pronounced Roman/Jewish nose. His face and head would be covered with thick amounts of body hair, though he may be shaving himself bald to cover-up his appearance.

Dagan would be seen as very intelligent, but sees others in far lesser light. His personality would be classed as a narcissistic sociopath, with little regard to others and their opinions.

       Several noticeable distinguishing features of Dagan would be his knowledge of ancient history, his possible use of ancient Sumerian symbols including the Omega through out his home or business, and his insistence of not traveling too far or too long from home as the Abzu, which would be near his home, is what sustains him. 

       Above all he is dangerous and not to be taken lightly. Dagan has been successfully hiding his identity for centuries. In ancient Egypt there was a powerful and wealthy vizier that gave counsel to Amenhotep 3. His name was Abdiel which in Sumerian means 

“A” means water and “AB” means cosmic water and suggests the purified water from the  ABZU, “DI” means counsel or to give advice pertaining to legal advice, “EL” in Sumerian means pure. Abdiel in Sumerian means “the cosmic water is the giver of pure counsel”. Only Dagan would have known that..

Many suggest this name has an ancient Hebrew back ground but the Hebrew name in 1 Samuel is “Abiel” and is taken from the earlier Sumerian name.

     

                          Related image


     What is interesting about the date; 2240 is that it coincides with a Processional Age. The earth’s axis travels through a periodic shift, of 1 degree every 72 years. Therefore each astronomical age  ( each sign of the zodiac is approximately 30 degrees ) is 72 years times 30 degrees which equals 2160 years to complete.


     The earth currently is in the astronomical age of Pisces, which ends in 2240, and the age of Aquarius begins. This may seem just a interesting fact but for a small point of interest.

Aquarius’s symbol is a man caring a pitcher of water, and the Symbol for AquariusAquarius.svg..

The Egyptians used this very same sign for the word “water” in their hieroglyphics, which they got from the Sumerians. The Sumerian symbol for water..a wavy line, had even more significance than just being water. The wavy line symbol for water in Sumerian texts directly referred to the water from the ABZU, which is controlled by Enki. The purified water that gave the renewal of life.

Is this an indication that with the ending of Dagan’s rule of man and wars, there will be an renewal, a rebirth, of a new life for the inhabitants of the earth?



Portents, Signs and Prophecy

                       Portents, Signs and Prophecy

I’ll be honest, I’m not a big believer in signs and prophecy of things and events in the future. In fact most prophecy ends in loss of faith to the point where it is often destructive to those that may have put their faith and trust in them.

Since the spring of 2013 the planet Jupiter has been rising with the moon, and has been slowly waxing westward across the sky.  If you want to view Jupiter, simply draw  a straight line through the belt of Orion, and it will approximately point you to Jupiter. Jupiter is in the constellation of Taurus just above the star Aldebaran. Jupiter is hard to miss because it dominates the sky with it’s brightness.

It may interest some that Sumerian text speaks of a time when this also occurs. In a translation by R.C. Thompson it reads;

” When from the station of Jupiter the planet passes towards the west

there will be a time of dwelling in security.

Kindly peace will descend on the land…..

when the planet of the throne of heaven will grow brighter

there will be floods and rains….

rains and floods will come.”

So if this is to believed Jupiter will be moving westward across the sky and the earth will be facing a time of peace and insurmountable rains and floods.

Bible Revisited

The Bible also speaks of a time when peace will reach throughout the land, supporting the ancient text of the Sumerians. A famous verse is written on the wall of the United Nation building in New York.

“shall come to pass at the End of Days….they shall beat their swords into ploughshares” from the scripture  in Isaiah.

The apostle Paul in the New Testament also speaks of a time of peace. In the Book of                     1 Thessalonians 5:3,  peace will flourish in the world just before the end.

While they are saying, “Peace and safety!” then destruction will come upon them suddenly like labor pains upon a woman with child, and they will not escape.

So what will bring the end?  In Daniel 2: 34 , Daniel tells of a prophecy of a stone that will bring impending doom to the nations of the earth, ” a stone was cut, but not by human hands, it struck the statue… wind swept them away without leaving a trace.”

This prophecy parallels a text in the Greek scriptures, in the book of Rev 8: 10 -12 “A great star, blazing like a torch fell from the sky, name of the star is Wormwood, (bitterness)”…1/3 of the waters, mankind perishes, and darkness descends the land.

What would be this stone or star that befalls mankind? The only answer to that is a comet, or asteroid.

In Daniel’s verse he speaks of a stone that will destroy the nations of mankind. A stone that comes from the heavens or space. In the book of Revelation is speaks of a blazing star that would bring destruction upon the earth. Could this blazing star be a comet? The word wormwood in Russian means Chernobyl, and we are all to familiar to the fate of that city.

In Sumerian the word MUL is often used as a suffix to denote a star, constellation or planet, but the Sumerians didn’t seem to have a word for comet. They must of observed these great and wonderful celestial occurrences, but what did they refer to them as?

The Sumerians had an word, MUL MUL which can be translated star of stars. Was this the Sumerian word for comets?

In this year of 2013 comets are going to be on display in our skys. The first very notable comet will be Panstarr, which is now seen in the southern Hampshire, but later in the year close to Xmas of 2013 ISON will be visible. ISON will be the most visible comet since the year 1640 when a comet was actually visible during daytime. Another great asteroid has just been discovered, and there is a mathematical probability of it colliding with Mars. None of this points to a dramatic collision with earth, but it still is worth noting.

The ancient text speak of a time of world peace. Could this be possible? Would it be possible to have world peace in the case of a world impending dooms days scenario? If the world was facing a destructive moment with a collision with a comet, would not this result in the world uniting to defend itself? A moment of peace to ensure world preservation. Could this be the moment of prophecy fulfillment?

Peoples and Languages Shifting Through Time

                     The Peoples of Three Deltas


      From the beginning of known history, mankind’s civilizations have developed from humans living in three deltas. The Indus Valley to the east, the Mesopotamia Valley, between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, and the mighty civilization of the Nile river.

     The Mesopotamian valley produced mankind’s first written language, which was from the Sumerians. The Sumerian language was distinct and to this date has no real association to any other language.Their style of writing was called cuneiform writing, and basically was the generally accepted style of writing, that lasted until finally disappearing in 1 AD. Their language was unique and so was their culture, and religion. From the Sumerians mankind has copied, and mirrored the Sumerian fundamental customs and beliefs.

Cuneiform text that lasted as the dominate written language for several thousand years. How was Sumerian cuneiform language deciphered? The key was the Akkadians as the following script (Sacred Text) testifies;

First, the linguistic difficulties. Sumerian is neither a Semitic nor an Indo-European language. It belongs to the so-called agglutinative type of languages exemplified by Turkish, Hungarian, and Finnish. None of these languages, however, seems to have any closer affiliation to Sumerian, and the latter, therefore, as yet stands alone and unrelated to any known language living or dead. Its decipherment, therefore, would have been an impossible task, were it not for the fortunate fact already mentioned that the Semitic conquerors of Sumer not only adapted its script to their own Semitic tongue, but also retained it as their literary and religious language. As a consequence, the scribal schools in Babylonia and Assyria made the study of Sumerian their basic discipline. They therefore compiled what may be described as bilingual syllabaries or dictionaries in which the Sumerian words or phrases were translated into their own language, Accadian. In addition they also drew up interlinears of the Sumerian literary compositions in which each Sumerian line is followed by its Accadian translation. Accadian, being a Semitic tongue related to numerous known languages, was deciphered relatively early. And so these bilinguals became the basic material for the decipherment of Sumerian, for by comparing the known Accadian word or phrase with the corresponding Sumerian, the meaning of the latter could be deduced.

Further to the North, along the Euphrates were the Akkadians, who were of the first ethnic group called Semitics. They had their own language, but not their own written language, so they just used, or borrowed the Sumerian written language. In many ways the Sumerian cuneiform text was unsuited for the Akkadian language, but served the region for several thousand years. The Akkadian language was the very first in a long line of language development that would much latter be called Hebrew.

After both of these ethic peoples disappeared the Babylonians and Assyrians took centre stage in the Fertile Crescent. This was the fertile land marked in green on the map which formed a natural crescent shape. Both Babylon and Assyria spoke the same language, one step removed from the ancient Akkadian’s Hebrew. The Babylonians and the Assyrians were also basically a Semitic people. The capital of Assyria was Nineveh on the upper Tigris, while Babylon was on the Euphrates. The Assyrians and Babylonians did something quite unique in history. After defeating their opponents in war, they would often force that entire nation with all it’s people to migrate to a new distant land. Basically vacating the entire region. Their reason for doing this was very effective. It stopped rebellions. Once a people are moved to a new land they are forced to raise crops and build shelters, not raise rebellions. The Assyrians were the first to have a professional army, using road systems and base camps to control their empire. Their most daunting weapon was their war chariot, and it was’t until the Greeks, that infantry was able to successfully stop the chariot.

The last of the Semitic people were those that lived in the land of Canaan. Their language was another step closer to today’s Hebrew, and with a lot of help someone today who understands Hebrew, would with some degree of difficulty, make out what a man from ancient Canaan would be saying.

Modern Hebrew above, while ancient Semitic peoples used cuneiform text. It wasn’t until the 15th Century BC that the Canaanites developed the first written language using an alphabet, as in the figure seen below. By the 10th Century BC there existed two distinct forms of written languages; Canaan and Aramaic. Aramaic being the forerunner of Hebrew. The short comings of these written languages is that they were both deficient of vowels. It wasn’t until the Greek’s written language that a true alphabetic language was used, that included vowels.

The people from Elam, whose ancient city was Susa, lived to the east of the lower Tigris. Susa was sacked and burnt to the ground by the Assyrians, and later occupied by the Persians. The Meds (allies to the Babylonians) were to their north and the Persians to their east, and all these peoples were all not Semitic people, nor did not speak a form of Hebrew.

The other great and powerful group in the area were the Hittites. They were a Indo-European ethnic group. The Hittites lived in Asia Minor, and were well documented in the Bible and in Egyptian writings. For most of our modern era they were denied to even have existed, but after the Rosetta stone, which finally allowed us to read Egyptian text, they appeared in our history. They were eventually conquered and destroyed by the Assyrians.

The most famous peoples in the region were the Egyptians, who lived on the Nile River. Their people and their culture was protected by nature itself. The Red Sea to the east, and the Great desert of Africa to the west. This was the main reason Egypt lasted as an independent society to the time of the Romans. The Egyptians were also not a Semitic people. Their language, and written language were totally unique, using Hieroglyphs as their writings, unlike anything else written. Their written language was more regional, and was kept primarily inside Egyptian borders. When a King of Egypt wrote  to a subordinate territory, the text was often in cuneiform, and not in Hieroglyphs. Even though Egypt was a very early ancient world power, their written script, language, culture and religion, was kept primarily within their borders.

Hieroglyphs were a colourful script depicting pictures

Probably the most unusual and most misunderstood group would be the Hurrians. The Hurrians lived north of the Fertile Crescent near Van Lake, and their principle city was Nuzi. Notice the similarity to Nazi.They spoke a Hurro-Urartian language some say is related to early Northeaster Caucasian languages. The Hurrians were considered the original Aryans. Some would suggest that the word Hurrian should read Harrian, which is close to “aryian. They were a dominate people, and according to Sanskrit writings , moved against the Indus valley where they defeated these peoples. Even today the destruction of the civilization in the Indus valley has many questioning how such a complete destruction could occur. One point of interest, is the Hindu word “caste”, actually means colour in Aryan. A “caste” is a way that society in India , segregates those of different class. Colour has long been one of these means to segregate people. The written language of the Indus has never been deciphered. One of the reasons for this is that not enough of their written language has been found.

File:Indus seal impression.jpg

An example of Indus script.

An interesting side note on the written language of the Indus valley is that it has very similar characters to the written language of Easter Island, as seen above.With the discovery of Easter Island, came slave traders and missionaries. The Island was almost completely depopulated, and those few that were left were forbidden to read their language as it seemed to be connected to their pagan religion. Most of the wooden reliefs that contained their language were destroyed, and with it, the eventual ability to decipher  their language.

On the very edge of the Great Sea as it was called in ancient times or now known as the Mediterranean, were a sea going people. Their language again was different, but what was most different was their written language. It was a form of early Greek.These people were the Sea People as the Egyptians called them, but they were later called the Phoenicians. With their sea trade the Phoenicians took their written language, throughout the Sea’s they traveled. The last of the Phoenician settlements was the Great Sea going city of Carthage.

Related image

Phoenician text

As each national group dominated this ancient region so to their language and their written language would dominate. This was true of the Greeks. As they politically dominated the region so to did their language and the use of the \Greek alphabet. History follows winners, and the losers disappear. The simply reason for this is winners write history losers don’t. Language and culture is spread and changed through war. History did not follow the Persians after their defeat at the hand of Alexander the Great, it followed Greece. By 200 BC the Greek language was dominating the known world. The New Testament was originally written in Greek.

Greek text

Many people suspect that history follows the good, the righteous, since the good win the battles fought, but throughout history more than 1/2 the battles were won by the bad and the ugly. Only after winning does history report the eventual winner as good and upright. When you win, you get to write your own history, while losers are forced to accept the consequences of being deemed evil.

Churchill told the President of the US an important historical point, “Why just be apart of history when you can write history”. Winners get to write their own history.

An example of this is the Treaty of Versailles signed at the conclusion of the 1st WW. Germany was forced to sign a document, that clearly stated Germany started the 1st WW. Why was this necessary? Simply because England and France clearly wanted to change history. They did not want anything other than the history that they chose to write to be the accepted recorded history. Prior to the Great War, France was itching for a chance to go to war with Germany after the period with Bismark. England had spent decades demonizing the Germans, after Germany grew in strength and importance under Bismark, to the chagrin of England, the World Power. England was waiting for an opportunity to go war against these upstarts, particularly after the death of Queen Victoria, since the Kaiser was the Queen’s oldest grandson, subsequently Victoria being very pro German. Prior to the Queen’s death, England was consolidating her world Empire and had no interests in the dealings of Europe. This all changed with the death of Victoria, and the embarrassment of the Boer War. Under General Kitchener the British were totally outmaneuvered by a bunch of Dutch Farmers, and similar to the American’s military embarrassment in Vietnam, England’s military was now looking for an opportunity to redeem themselves from the world’s opinion. Kitchener’s biggest debacle was the setting up of civilian concentration camps (1st ever in history) for the women and children of these Dutch farmers. The Canadian Strathcona Horse were given this unenviable job of burning homes and rounding up Dutch women and children, which resulted in many children dying of heat hydration and disease.

France to this point had been isolated in Europe by the “magic man” Bismark, but after his death his many treaties to keep peace while at the same time allowing Germany to expand, were now expired. This resulted in both France and England signing numerous pacts. These war pacts had only one adversary in sight, and that was Germany.

They finally got their opportunity when a Serb, killed a prince of the Austrian Hungarian empire, resulting in actions by the Germans to control this para military terrorists group. This was strictly an internal action which was of no concern to the rest of the world, but within months the whole world piled on the Germans declaring war against them. The awkward point of all of this is decades later NATO goes to war against Serbia for doing the exact same thing, Serbia having conflict with their neighbours. Did Germany go to war against NATO for NATO’s action against the Serbs? Written history is very political and is often used by nations to support or hide the real truth. It should never be taken at face value.

After the fall of Greece; Rome and it’s language took centre stage. Latin became the dominate language through the known world. From Latin emerged English and French.

Ancient Latin alphabet

 

Latin text

Roman Latin uses the alphabet letters that are common to modern western languages.

What is most noticeable is the shifting of power and languages as it moved North and West. Most importantly these peoples carried with them the knowledge of agriculture. Not just the farming knowledge of cultivation and irrigation, but the separation of seeds that produced higher yields with the same maturity. This is the practice that started in Sumeria and Babylon with the cultivation of barley. Large scale food production allowed for the very beginning of civilization.

As power shifted out of the Mesopotamia region through what is now Turkey into the great productive lands of Europe, so too began the competition for these lands. This would  eventually result in the many wars that would rage across most of Europe.

There is 2 most noticeable differences, between WW1 and WW2 from Germany’s point of view. The 1st WW required coal to generate steam power, and horses to produce horse power, both of which could be internally managed. In the 2nd WW petroleum products were required, along with various base metals, and petroleum products none of which Germany had. The 2nd WW would require Germany to rely on other nations to supply them with these necessary elements of war, or they would require planning.

England and America winning both World Wars, is a reflection of English dominating the worlds languages, and German taking a rather diminutive position. Germany being loses in both wars contributed to their language and culture being supplanted by English. We study English because of wars, just as the ancient world wrote in Greek, because of wars.

Search For the Ark of the Covenant

             Searching for the Ark


     Beliefs have long been known to be stronger than iron. Iron can be molded, and bent, but beliefs once they are learned at a young age are fixed for life. Nabonidus as a young man was taught by his mother, a priestess of Sin, her religious beliefs. These beliefs would follow Nabonidus throughout his life.

After he became King of Babylon his beliefs would direct him in rebuilding the temples of Sin throughout the empire. This was in stark contrasts to the beliefs of the clergy of Babylon that had long followed the worship of Marduk. This would have led to many religious confrontations. Nabonidus seemed reluctant to see the gathering dark clouds of discontent, which would ultimately bring his demise as King. Instead he left the ruling of Babylon in the hands of his regent son, and set off to discover and fulfill ancient prophecy. These were all taught to him by his mother at a young age.

Nabonidus didn’t live in the riches, wealthiest, most prosperous city in the world Babylon, but chose to move to a rather isolated, remote location in his empire. That city is known today as Tayma, but in ancient times it was called Tema, and even in older times it was called Tiamat. An ancient trade route town in a oasis, in Northwestern Arabia, on the edge of a desert, Lawrence of Arabia called the Devil’s Anvil.

The following text is from the cylinder of Nabonidus;

, he started out for a long journey. The military forces of Akkad marching with him, he turned to Temâ deep in the west. He started out the expedition on a path leading to a distant region. When he arrived there, he killed in battle the prince of Temâ, slaughtered the flocks of those who dwell in the city as well as in the countryside. And he, himself, took residence in Temâ, the forces of Akkad were also stationed there. He made the town beautiful, built there a palace like the palace in Babylon. He also built walls for the fortification of the town and he surrounded the town with sentinels. The inhabitants became troubled. The brick form and the brick basket he imposed upon them. Through the hard work they [lacuna] he killed the inhabitants, women and youngsters included. Their prosperity he brought to an end. All the barley that he found therein [lacuna] His tired army [lacuna] the hazanu-official of Cyrus…

Location of Tayma in Arabia.

Tiamat in Sumerian text, was the ancient goddess of the Great Gods of Sumeria. Tiamat decided to wage war upon the other Gods after a conflict arose. Her consort and spouse Kingu was given the command of the armies and given the Tablets of Destiny to enhance his strength. He was overpowered and defeated by the Babylonian God Marduk. The same God that the Babylonians worshipped in Nabonidus’s day. Tiamat seems central to this ancient battle of the Gods. In Greek mythology Zeus defeats Typhon in an epic battle to become supreme ruler near a location close to Tiamat. Might not the battle of Marduk over Kingu, be the same battle as Zeus over Typhon. After the battle Marduk takes the Tablets of Destiny from Kingu in victory.

It is this ancient battle and the loss of the Tablets of Destiny that Nabonidus sees himself as part of prophecy. Nabonidus doesn’t move and live in a one horse town on a trade route to control and protect the spice trade. He could of sent anyone to do that for him. He lives in Tiamat for over 10 years, with only one purpose. To rebuild the temples to Sin, and return the Tablets of Destiny to Tiamat, their rightful owners. Nabonidus sees himself fulfilling prophecy. This may seem difficult for us to believe, but all beliefs even today are often hard to understand or even approve.

Where did Nabonidus get the Tablets of Destiny? From the Great Treasury of Babylon. Nabonidus took from the Treasury the Ark of the Covenant, which was taken from Solomon’s temple after the defeat of Judea.Many other iconic treasures, were also removed from the treasury of Babylon and taken to Tiamat.. They would have included the famous “Cup of Semiramis” which was to have weighed 15 talents of gold, or some 1250 lbs. , and also the famous full size golden statue of an ancient King, that Daniel described in his prophecy in Daniel chapter 2 from a dream of the King.

It was the Ark that Nabonidus wanted, because the Ark contained the Ten Commandments. These 2 tablets hid the Tablets of Destiny, which gave the Ark it’s power to defeat it’s enemies. It’s this power of the Ark that identifies the true source of the Ark’s power. That being the power of the Tablets of Destiny.The Ten Commandments were really just a facade or a cover to hide the Tablets of Destiny so they would stay hidden from the other Great Gods.

So Nabonidus repeated what Moses had done centuries before and hid them in a  a stone tablet. Nabonidus hides them in a great stone tablet and mounted the tablet on top of a temple dedicated to Sin at Tiamat. The stone tablet that he built is now known as the al hamra cube, illustrated below.

This cube was unearthed in Tayma, and central to the relief is a temple. To the left of the central temple is a Babylonian priest giving offering. To the right of the temple is a standing incense burner. At the top of the Temple is a Egyptian Bull God Apis. Apis was seen deifying a King after death. To give that King a “renewal of life.” Apis also was seen to protect the dead. This all points to Nabonidus wanting to restore the goddess Tiamat after death. To deify Tiamat’s place in the order of the Gods. Notice the Bull’s head is cube shaped and sits atop the temple. This represents the cube itself which at one time sat atop Nabonidus’s temple dedicated to Sin in Tiamat. The Bull’s head is the central figure to the cube.

The primary reason for the cube shaped stone to be at the top of the temple, is because it acted as the throne for Nabonidus. Many of the ancient Great Gods of Sumeria sat on cube like thrones, and Nabonidus was just enacting this event. In the relief below Enki is seen siting on his cube throne.

The large crescent moon at the top right of the cube, is the symbol for Sin which the temple honours, and the top left image is that of Sin’s Chariot of the Gods, which Nabonidus, describes as the Great Weapon of Anu that enabled him to become King of Babylon. In fact Nabonidus sees the building of the temples to venerate Sin, as simply giving back, what Sin had given him.

One other side of the cube, shown above, the stone face shows the priest again, giving offerings to Apis. Notice the size difference, which is an ancient way of demonstrating positions of authority and power. The priest is but a humble servant compared to Apis. Could this Babylonian priest be Nabonidus himself? The offering is none other than the Tablets of Destiny. Above Apis is the great chariot of Sin, and at the top right is the 8 spoked wheel giving the chariot it’s power.

Inside this cube are the Tablets of Destiny. He who controls the Tablets of Destiny controls the fate and destiny of man, and becomes GOD.

                                        The sign of Apis 

Image result for ancient symbol for bismuth

The sign of the Bull whether it be Taurus the sign of the Zodiac, or Apis the Bull it’s the same sign, but what is also of interest is that the symbol for the element Bismuth 83 is also this same sign. Apis being the incarnate of the God Ptah, the god that controls the destiny of man and the renewal of life.

Was Bismuth seen to possess these same attributes?

Bismuth has a number of unusual characteristics.

1) diamagnetic metal..Bismuth has the strongest ability to repulse a magnetic field of any metal.

Order of Magnitude of diamagnetic natural occurring materials.

Bismuth ……….16.6

Mercury ……… 3

Lead …………….1.8

2) Like water, Bismuth as a sold is less dense than as a liquid.

3) Bismuth is essentially non radioactive. Therefore has the longest 1/2 life in the periodic table.

4) How did the ancients know that Bismuth depicted by the horns of Apis could basically live forever?

The Book of Gensis Just a Copy of Earlier Sumerian Text

       The Account of Moses

Who was Moses as an Historical Figure? We all know Moses as a Biblical figure, often considered “God’s Greatest Prophet”, but are many of our preconceived notions actually true?

All of us know Moses as a Biblical character, but who was Moses in a historical sense, and who were the Pharaohs of the Exodus account? Moses wrote the 1st five books of the bible known as the Pentateuch, but where did he get the ideas for Genesis? My personal interest in Moses as a historic figure rather than a Biblical figure was nurtured, after reading hundreds of translated Sumerian clay texts. The similarity between Moses account of creation,the Earth and Man’s beginning, and the Sumerian ancient text cannot be denied. Was the Pentateuch then inspired from God, as we were all taught, or did Moses simply transcribe these earlier accounts? My interest really grew after reading of an important ancient King of the Akkadians, that history seems so eagerly to forget. This Kings account of his own childhood, is almost word for word transcribed, into the Book of Exodus. Now my interest has been sparked, where I want to find out who Moses really was, and not what Moses and others would have us believe. The following is the condensed result.

 

The Sumerians, who lived in the lower Mesopotamian valley, were the first humans to have a written language. They wrote about everyday life on their clay tablets, but also wrote a series of tablets called the creation tablets. They wrote that Man was formed of clay and the women was formed from his rib. They wrote about man’s search for everlasting life, and the tree of knowledge, with an evil snake that tried to gain control of the tree. The “Garden of Eden” comes from the Sumerian word “Gu-Edina”, which means Banks of Eden, a fertile valley between two Sumerian cities. This valley is near the city of Eridu, mans first city, where it’s burial mounds can still be seen today in southern Iraq. The original account on a clay tablet of Noah and the great flood, can be viewed in the Royal British Museum in London. All these accounts were written over 2500 years before Moses wrote the book of Genesis, so how was it that Moses account is a carbon copy of these clay tablets?

The original story of Noah in cuneiform.

Translated as: “After the flood had swept over the land, and waves and windstorms had rocked the huge boat for seven days and seven nights,”

The famous cuneiform text discovered by Smith working for the British Museum records the epic story of the Tower of Babel.

Translated as: “Their strong place (tower) all the day they founded;

to their strong place in the night

entirely he made an end.

In his anger also word thus he poured out:

[to] scatter abroad he set his face

he gave this? command, their counsel was confused”

All these well known accounts of early man, were NOT original Bible accounts, but were Sumerian. Accounts that Moses was very familiar with.
Moses came from a royal setting and had access to the worlds greatest libraries in his education process. These libraries from the Sumerians were world famous, and even up to Alexander the Greats time, they were well known, so Alexander after seeing the libraries in Babylon, he decided to build his own, in Egypt, at the city of Alexandria. Moses in his day, would have had full access to the complete written record of the Sumerians, along with the early Egyptian writings, including Books of the Dead and their many early papyrus writings.

Fig12.     Above, the city of Eridu, considered one of the five pre-flood cities, exists today in southern Iraq, using an aerial photo. Notice how flat the land is, and how difficult it would be to defend. Cities without water, become abandoned.

The question is, should it bother us today that Moses plagiarized the creation account? The Assyrians and the Babylonians plagiarized the Sumerian accounts almost word for word, so should it bother us that Moses did the same? It doesn’t bother me that Moses copied the creation account, though it may effect others. It does affect my faith when Moses writes himself in, as a central figure in the Bible. This act is quite different. Moses did far more than plagiarize the creation account. He manipulated many accounts including his own life story.

In the Nineveh tablets, it speaks of a Great King, called Sargon. The text is in the first person, as if Sargon is speaking. “ My mother a high priestess conceived me, in secret she brought me forth. She placed me in a basket of reeds, she closed my entrance with bitumen, she cast me upon the river.” He tells of his birth, which is illegitimate from a royal priestess. He never knows his father, but his mother is ashamed and makes a basket out of reeds, which she puts her baby in, then seals the cover with bitumen. She then puts the basket in the Euphrates river, near the palace, where the palace gardener finds him. Sargon himself says he is the son of a gardener. Before long, Sargon is chief cup holder to the King, and then through a series of events becomes King. From that point on Sargon starts a war of domination over the entire Fertile Crescent. Moses also would have studied Sargon, who was well respected and admired in ancient times, particularity by the Babylonians who saw him as a prototype, of kingdom building.

In Moses own account in Exodus 2:1-3 it compares as, “But when she could hide him no longer, she got a papyrus basket for him and coated it with tar and pitch. Then she placed the child in it and put it among the reeds along the bank of the Nile.”  Notice the account of Sargon and the Bibles account of Moses are exactly the same, even the the use of bitumen on the reed basket is the same, with the only difference being the river Euphrates being exchanged for Nile.

Was Moses to quick to transcribe Sargon’s birth account without fully aware that bitumen does not exist in the Nile delta? The lower Sumer valley, today known as Kuwait, has a large supply of bitumen that seeps through the ground, from Kuwait’s large oil deposits. The ancients used this heat source to smelter copper, gold and their most sought after metal, bismuth, which they mined in the neighbouring regions. Ancient people in the area also used bitumen as mortar in their temple construction.

Contrary to Moses account, bitumen does not exist in the Nile river or the Nile delta. In Moses haste to plagiarize Sargon’s birth account he failed to realize that the Nile and the Euphrates have a different geology. A simple mistake, but with huge ramifications.

Moses really saw himself, and his life, as Sargon. The question is, why would Moses see Sargon as his alter ego, and why would Moses try to deceive those reading the Book of Exodus, relating to his birth, and  history? Did Moses assume that by using these Sumerian accounts, the Hebrews would have no knowledge of Sumerian history, or be able to read, Sumerian text, therefore not question it’s authenticity? Hence they would actually believe that Moses was the originator of these accounts. Rather presumptuous on his part, to assume that mankind would not eventually discover the real source of the Pentateuch. To answer this we must find out who Moses really was in a historical sense.

A number of Pharaohs have been identified as the Pharaoh of the Exodus, but only one Pharaoh, can be both identified by time line and historical fact, and that is Amenhotep 3rd.

In the bible, it tells of 2 storage cities that are built by the Hebrews, and the city Raamses is both mentioned in the bible’s account and is listed in Amenhotep 3rds. burial site, as one of his achievements. Raamses was a city built from clay bricks, in the Goshen, the north eastern section of the Nile delta, where the Hebrews resided.

What gives further proof, that Amenhotep 3rd was the Pharaoh of Exodus, is that Amenhotep’s first son and heir to the throne, Crown Prince Thutmose, or Thotmosis, disappears from Egyptian records shortly after rising to manhood. His name Thoth-moses, means born of Thoth, or begot of Thoth. Thoth being the Egyptian god of wisdom. This was also the same name that his grandfather was called.

Moses was an Egyptian name, not a Hebrew name, as most Jews and Christians would suggest. The Egyptian name Ramsses, given to a number of Pharaohs, was also derived from this same root name. Ra being the “Sun God”, and msses meaning “born of”, is the same root as moses, as in Thotmosis.

In Exodus 2:19 it says Moses was an Egyptian, not a Hebrew. In the presence of close family members the Crown Prince, may certainly have been called by a pet name, Moses. The question is, what happened to Moses? There has never been found a burial site of the crown prince, extremely odd for the Egyptians, or any mention of his accomplishments. Amenhotep 3rd was really a family man, including in many reliefs his 4 daughters, but never including the crown prince. The answer to the crown prince history and seeming disappearance, can be found in the bible’s account.

Crown Prince, Moses, said he had committed a murder. It would have had to be a very grievous act for a crown prince to be banished from his family and Egypt. Moses tells his motive in the Bible, but can he be believed? Murder as an act of sedition or murder against the priesthood, would be a case for banishment. No one really will ever know, but Moses had to flee Egypt. Upon fleeing Egypt, Moses marries a non Hebrew, an Ethiopian woman, as Numbers 12:1 tells us, but what gives further proof that Moses was not a Hebrew, was that he did not circumcise his son, as Exodus 4:18 tells us, and circumcision is a very important part of being Jewish. The general view of Moses, the Charlton Heston from the movie “The Ten Commandments”, could not be further from the truth. Moses mother was part Nubian, and he would have had a very dark complexion if not black. His wife from Ethiopia, would also have been very dark complected.

Upon hearing that the ruling Pharaoh had died, Moses returns to Egypt, but why would he return? For one reason and one reason only. To regain his lawful right as heir to the throne of Egypt, only to find his younger brother, Akhenaten was now Pharaoh. Now we know why Moses would have chosen Sargon as his alter-ego. Both men were banished by their fathers, neither Sargon’s father or Moses father would accept them. Both had their mothers cast them into the darkness, forsaken and rejected. Sargon would rise to become King of a world power, and it is this position that Moses desired. To regain his position as Pharaoh of Egypt, the world power of the known world.

In Exodus 7:7 is says that Moses was 80 yrs old when he approached Pharaoh. It would of taken some time to have an entire nation to leave Egypt, cross a desert, come to Mt Sinai, write the Ten Commandments,where they camped for nearly 2 years, then journey with a nation of tens of thousand, with flocks of sheep and goats to the land of Canaan. Abraham before them, did not take the direct desert route, but followed the fertile crescent, so flocks could be pastured and watered and families could rest. Would Moses leading a far larger group, follow the coast, then travel up the fertile crescent? This would have added an additional 5 years to the trip. Then after arriving at the borders of Canaan, the Israelites turned back into the desert to wander for 40 years. Moses then returned to a mountain overlooking the land of “milk and honey” and died, never crossing the river Jordan. Moses would have had to be well over 130 years old at his death, if all this were true. No man in Moses time nor in our time, has ever lived to 150 years. A great King of the Israel once said, only the strong live 3 score and ten. The question is, what part of this story is misleading or false?

Moses must have been very disappointed to see his brother as Pharaoh, a position he should have held. Why did Moses never mention the Pharaoh’s name? He says in the Bible that he personally knows all the royal family, so why not mention their names? A past that he wishes to keep hidden. In the Bible’s account in Exodus Chapter 7, it also tells of Moses with a speech impediment, so that a translator is used in place of Moses, when speaking to the Pharaoh. There was never a mention previously that Moses had a speech problem, so was this an attempt by Moses to hide his voice from Egypt’s inner court and the Pharaoh’s family, so that he would not be identified. Moses could change his appearance so as not to be recognized, but he could not alter his voice. Were all these just attempts to hide his true identity from the new Pharaoh and ultimately the Hebrews?

After finding his younger brother as Pharaoh, Moses would have been devastated, but what would be his recourse? As Crown Prince both Moses and his younger brother would have had the world’s best education. The Crown Prince of Egypt would have been taught at Thebes, the history and many languages, written and spoken, of the surrounding nations. The art of war, and how neighbouring nations were equipped and their primary method of war. The geography and the ancient routes of trade and the many passes, that required passage for invading armies, would have  been taught. Religion and customs of not just Egypt but of the many nations in the immediate area were all taught to the Crown Princes of Egypt. Egypt believed and was one of the foremost reasons Egypt existed as a powerful nation for centuries, was that all it’s Pharaohs should be the most educated men on earth. Another reason for Egypt’s fast rise to world power, was that Egypt had horses. Horses did not exist in the early Mesopotamian valley. Chariots, four wheeled, were pulled by a large species of the donkey, in early Sumeria. Horses existed in North Africa and in Spain, where Egypt had a clear military advantage in there use. Horses against donkeys could be likened to a German Tiger against an American Sherman.

Moses was taught as he knew his brother was, of an ancient prophecy, that spoke of Egypt being overturned by it’s servants and the ruling Pharaoh that would succumb to these insurgents. Could Moses somehow use this ancient prophecy to accomplish his own end? To start a revolution using the Hebrew slaves, in hopes of overturning his brother as Pharaoh. A fulfillment of an ancient text. Would his brother, who was known to be very religious, believe that this prophecy was about to be fulfilled? For the plan to work it would require that Moses’s true identity be unknown to the Pharaoh. For once Moses true identity was known, the real reason of his presence would become known, and Moses’s life would then be in danger. Most importantly did the Pharaoh see these Hebrew slaves as a threat to his kingdom?

The Bible answers this by saying that the Hebrews had become many and because of that, they were now a huge burden to the mostly agriculturally based Egypt. As Moses was soon to discover, the new Pharaoh, would have gladly seen the Hebrews leave the land, and remove this heavy financial burden from the Egyptians. The Hebrews were now eating more than they were producing. These descendants of Joseph that were once seen as guests, were now seen more as a burden, than a threat to fulfill ancient prophecy. Moses account in Exodus continues to detract from this important issue, and he continues to press his point that the Hebrews were seen as a threat to Egypt, hence their work loads were increased. Was this the case, or was Moses account simply to justify his own purpose? How could the most powerful, and wealthy nation on Earth, be afraid of a group of uneducated lowly group of slaves? Did Egypt see the Hebrews as a threat to the political stability of their nation?

A nation where the Pharaohs were seen as Gods. The Egyptians would have laughed at such a thought, but they did question whether these Hebrews served any real purpose in Egyptian life. Other than the building of clay grain storage facilities for times of drought, the Hebrews did little to benefit Egypt. They did no work on any of the major projects, the many stone projects or burial sites, being built throughout Egypt, that took vast Egyptian resources, including food. They were slowly eating Egypt out of house and home, like a bad guest that stays too long and wears out his welcome. Hence Egypt’s ruling Pharaoh, would have gladly seen their Exodus. This is not exactly what Moses wanted to hear, in his attempt to bring a fractious rebellion. He refused to accept this as defeat, and continued his written record of events, that we have all come to accept as true history.

After his inability to start a slave rebellion, what was to follow? Moses still needed and desired for others to worship and bow to him. This was probably just a reflection of his Egyptian past, and his education, but throughout his life it would consume him. To leave Egypt with nothing would be to leave in defeat, and that just wasn’t part of Moses psychic. A personality that was very ego driven. Moses quest may have suffered a temporary set-back, but his determination was stronger than ever.

Moses, as history supports would not give-up so easily, and especially his right to rule. His right to have followers, and subservient worshipers. His right to be superior. His only recourse now was to approached the Hebrews and tell them of a land of “milk and honey”, a promised land. If he couldn’t fool the Pharaoh of Egypt, then he would attempt to fool these Hebrews. Have we not heard this story before, “a land of milk and honey”. It sounds all to familiar, like a NY stock promoter. The land of easy street, where everyone lies around all day, and money grows on trees. It wasn’t long before Moses had these mostly illiterate slaves eating out of his hand. Moses was the world’s first promoter, and possibly the world’s greatest. He then told the Hebrews that he was going to bring 10 plagues upon the Gods and Pharaoh of Egypt, to save them from slavery, and take them to this promised land, where no one works, and fruit grows with abundance. They couldn’t get enough of Moses. Where did Moses get the idea of 10 plagues, and why were they focused against Egypt, as if it was now a personal manner? Had he become that vindictive against Egypt?

Moses learned of the 10 plagues from his Egyptian education as a young man. One of these documents that Moses would have studied and known well, was the Ipuwer Papyrus. Though existing in a fragmented form today, it tells of plagues that would come upon Egypt. The Nile would turn to blood and it’s King would be overturned by his servants. Comparing this papyrus text with Exodus text they parallel very closely. Papyrus 2:5 “the river is blood”, Exodus 7:20 “all the waters of the river were turned to blood”, Papyrus 2:10 “men – thirst after water” Exodus 7:24 “Dig around the river for water, for they could not drink”, Papyrus 6:3 “grain has perished on every side”, Exodus 9:31 “flax and barley was smitten”, Papyrus 9:11 “the land is without light”, Exodus 10:22 “and there was a thick darkness in the land”. Moses just did what he was good at, plagiarizing, and these Hebrews who had no knowledge, of the worlds history or culture, or who Moses actual was, believed it.

Moses in fact required three occurrences to be effective, in order to produce his desired effects. 1) that the Hebrews were unaware of his true identity, 2) their education level was low, countries usually don’t spend a lot of time on educating slaves, 3) because of their distance from Pharaoh’s palace, far to the northeast in the Nile delta, Goshen, that they would have no knowledge of the plagues actually ever taking place. A perfect storm for a great promoter.

Moses then tells of crossing the Red Sea, after exiting Egypt. Did the Hebrews actually cross a dry sea bed, as Moses states, or was it something else? The delta rivers of the Nile and the Euphrates, are continually changing. The ancient cities of Ur and Eridu, in modern Iraq, both suffered this fate. In ancient times a frantic effort, by the Sumerians to save Eridu from losing it’s water source from the Euphrates delta river as the delta shifted further to the east, was to build a 12 mile canal from Ur. This ancient canal can still be seen today from aerial photos. This in the end, did not save either city, as both now are in a middle of a desert. Ramesses 2nd, constructed his new capital, Pi-Ramesses, on the Nile delta river, and within a few short generations, ended abandoned, because the Nile delta river shifted, and left the Pharaoh’s great city, high and dry. Moses simply led these mostly uneducated Hebrews across a dry Nile delta river, and told them it was the Red Sea, they were crossing, and he was holding the waters back, to allow their safe passage. He was becoming an almost one man circus act.

The Red Sea is 350 km across and has an average death of 1608 ft. Can anyone take the story of Moses crossing the Red Sea after parting it’s water, as actually taking place? The simple logistics of moving several hundred thousand people, their families, their wares and flocks across 350 km, just in itself would take 4 weeks or more. That’s 4 weeks with no water for humans or grazing and water for their flocks… Fig13.

Soon the Hebrews came to Mount Sinai, where Moses went up to the top of the mountain, and came back, after breaking the 1st set, with the Ten Commandments. Where did Moses get the idea of the Ten Commandments? We don’t have to look further than his childhood education, from the Egyptian, Books of the Dead. The Books of the Dead, which they were later called, were extensive written documents, covering in some cases over 70 feet of temple walls. They were carved and painted in stone, around the burial sites of dead Kings of Egypt. All the Ten commandments are listed in the Books of the Dead, with one exception, the Sabbath.

Book of the Dead illustrated above.

The Ten Commandments are  listed in Exodus chapter 20. Two common examples that compare both scripts, are the the commandments, not to commit murder and take God’s name in vain. “Thou shall not kill” v.s. “I have not killed; I have not turned anyone over to a killer”, and “Thou shall not take the name of the lord thy God in vain” v.s. “I have not reviled the God.” As such, the Books of Dead have given us the original ten commandments, but are in the negative sense, because the dead Kings of Egypt are presenting their case for after life. Moses as a Crown Prince, would be one of the few, that would have been given access, to these holy sites where the Books of the Dead were written, and also have the knowledge to read Egyptian text. No Hebrew would have been allowed access, or allowed to work at any of these sites, and no Hebrew would have the knowledge to decipher these Hieroglyph texts.

Fig14.     Mount Sinai, today, though many still question the actual site location, where tourists can make their way to the top along known pathways, from St Catherine’s monastery.  Mt. Sinai is in the southern area of the Sinai Peninsula, which means the Hebrews would have been making a long journey south from the Goshen, which adds years to the trip. This is not on a direct route to the land of Canaan.

Moses life as sole leader, was not without it’s difficulty. Upon leading the Hebrews in the desert, Moses found that he had political opponents. In Chapter 16 of the Book of Numbers, Moses encounters these political adversaries in the family of Korah. The 16th chapter goes on to say that the Lord God, had the earth open it’s mouth and swallow all the families of Korah and his supporters including all their family possessions. Did the Israelites see this as the truth, as to what actually occurred? If today we heard that Gadhafi, once the leader of Libya, had a news conference and stated that all his political adversaries had been swallowed up by the earth, because the Lord God saw them as evil, would we believe this as the truth? The Hebrews were not any different from us. They saw this, as we would today, that Moses was exercising his authority, “It’s my way or the highway”.

Moses was again using from what was effective, and expedient in Egypt, murder. Moses simply had some of his thugs murder these families and bury their bodies, and family possessions in the desert. They simply disappeared. Much can be overlooked, from the life of Moses, but some acts cannot. Murder being one.

Moses nearing the end of his life, rose upon a mountain, that overlooked the “land of milk and honey”. He died there, never entered this promised land, or see the results of his efforts. What was Moses thinking at that moment? Was his life a success? Did he achieve his goals? No one will ever know, his personal thoughts, but the main point is; his writings have persuaded billions of people to believe and put their faith in a man, that was certainly an inspirational speaker, a brilliant leader, but was also extremely manipulative, controlling, and from many of his writings, he meant to directly  mislead with falsehoods, as to prevaricate the truth. To prevaricate the truth, is far greater than to lie, for it implies a conscious effort to mislead.

The question for us today is; Why do we continue to believe the Bibles account regarding early occurrences in Egypt? The simple fact is the Bible’s account up until the 19th century was our only source of knowledge into the ancient world. The Egyptian hieroglyphs were not understood and deciphered until then, and the Sumerian text even later, up until the 1930’s. In fact the Sumerian civilization was not discovered or even known about until the mid eighteen  hundreds. Moses record of man’s early existence was our sole source of knowledge. In effect Moses was able to keep the truth from all of us, simply because of our inability to read ancient text. In brief, Moses had been correct. He could transcribe early Egyptian and Sumerian text word for word, and these accounts would be believed as “words from God”, for thousands of years.

What is even more profound, is that these earlier writing, are now seen as mostly ancient myths, that carry little or no weight, on human history, while the plagiarized Bible’s accounts are seen as the truth. The case in point is the history of the Sumerian king, Sargon, whose history has been purposely buried and hidden by Christian and Jewish scholars, because that history would prove the Bible’s account as false and misleading. A cruel irony of fate.

            Was Moses God’s Greatest Prophet, or was he in search of his own destiny? The cost of which was irrelevant. The answer to that can only lie within each of us.

Nota Bene;

1) No written text predates Sumerian

2) A number of historians have stated that Bitumen was used by ancient Egyptians in mummification.

This is completely incorrect. One must remember bitumen is a very dirty and foul smelling product (depending on sulfur content) and not something that would be used in such an important ceremony.

In the early 20’s and 30’s this  ancient process of keeping a body in a embalmed state for centuries was very much in the public’s interest, Therefore a number of prominent researches did extensive and detailed accounts of the resins used by the ancients and NO bitumen were discovered. Only resins from living plants were used.

Did bitumen enter Egyptian life later in the Greek and Roman times as a glue or a sealant product? Yes very probably, but not in ancient times.

Why then do these theories persist? Mainly to support their religious beliefs.

Exodus The Exact Date

                                      The Exodus

 

The famed Egyptologist Sir Alan Gardiner, was able to determine the exact date of the Exodus of the Hebrews from Egypt. His research has long been overlooked particularly by religious fundamentalist, but it still stands today as the most reliable method of dating the Exodus.

The above Egyptian drawing show mud bricks being made, and stone being carried for temple construction.

In Moses account regarding Egypt, he uses the word Pharaoh, as a name for the King of Egypt, throughout his account, but was this always the case? The Egyptian word Pharaoh literally means, “Great House”, and for much of Egyptian history, it was applied only to the Palace of the King of Egypt and not as a  personal name. It wasn’t about until 1350 BC or at the time of King Akhenaten that the word Pharaoh first appears to name the King of Egypt and not the Palace.

The very first time that Pharaoh was used as King, was in a letter to Akhenaten. This is a definite key testament that Moses stood before Akhenaten, because at no time in previous history is the King of Egypt called Pharaoh, and Moses calls him Pharaoh. As the famous Egyptologist , Sir Alan Gardiner states, “The earliest certain instance where Pharaoh refers to the King is in a letter to Akhenaten, which is addressed; “Pharaoh, the Master.”

Moses inadvertently calls all Kings of Egypt, Pharaoh, including the Pharaoh at the time of Joseph, but this was not historically correct. The Qur’an gets this correct, by calling this early King, the King of Egypt,(Qur’an 12:43) and the King of Egypt during the time of Moses as the Pharaoh of Egypt(Qur’an 7:104). From this simple account of Moses identifying the King of Egypt, at the time of the Exodus, as Pharaoh Akhenaten, the date for Exodus can be determined. This simply fact now dates the Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt to 1346 B.C.E.

This date is further reinforced by an ancient stele of Egypt.

 The Merneptah Stele

Image result for merneptah stele

 

This ancient stele was discovered in 1896 in Thebes, and now resides in Cairo at the Egyptian Museum. The stele venerates a battle won by the Egyptian Pharaoh Merneptah over a Libyan King and it’s territory to the North.The text reads,”Not a man of them was left remaining,” The text also suggests that the Libyan force was made up of some mercenaries from Israel,  The catalogue of the battle enumerated among the killed 6,365 that were uncircumcised, and 2,370 circumcised; also 9,376 prisoners. Ancient victorious armies would often cut off the ends of the penis of their dead enemies to have an official count. Hence, as in this battle, they would know that their enemy was made up of Hebrews.

The text also describes a further military campaign into Canaan. In this text the name “Israel” is used. It’s the only occurrence of this name in Hieroglyphics.

The stele’s text describes that some of Egypt’s vassal cities in the region are either in revolt, or they are being harassed by the national group refereed to as Israel. The Egyptian military then goes on to destroy the Israelities.

The Egyptian text reads; is often written backwards, from right to left, but the text in this case is read from left to right.

Decoded it means word for word;

Israel (foreign people) waste (negative) seed his/it

The use of the word foreign people also means nomadic people, or those without a city. This was something the Egyptians would have found militarily difficult, because without a city there was nothing to destroy.

This text would translate:   The nomadic people of Israel and it’s seed were laid to waste.

This strongly suggest that the people of Israel were considered a people or a tribe and NOT a nation. This is also confirmed by the Bible accounts that the Hebrews spent a considerable time as a nomadic people.

More importantly the Merneptah Stele dates this nomadic people of Israel after their great exodus from Egypt. The stele was recorded within a few years of 1200 BC.

After leaving Egypt in 1346 BC, the Hebrews wondered the desert for 40 years, and finally entered the Land of Canaan after another period of 15 plus years of travel from Egypt, then after a period of 90 years in the land of Canaan, they were still in desperate military battles to rise above a nomadic people and build their first city. This all fits (after adding these periods) into the puzzle of dating these wayward sons of Egypt and their Exodus from Egypt.